Category Archives: Glossary

Khas Khas(Poppy Seeds)

Poppy seeds (regular gray and Indian white type (close up) 

Poppy seed is a spice and an oil seed  from the opium poppy. The tiny kidney-shaped seeds have been harvested from dried seed pods by various civilizations for thousands of years.  The seeds are used whole or ground, as an ingredients in many foods and they are pressed to yield poppy seed oil.  Opium poppy is native to the Middle East and produces very small slate blue, brown, white or yellow seed that has a nutty flavor and have a crunchy texture.

In Indian cuisine, white poppy seeds are added for thickness, texture and also give added flavor to the recipe.  It is also used as a garnish to the sweet dishes.

Bajro (Millet)

The millets are a group of small-seeded species of cereal crops or grains, widely grown around the world for food and fodder.  

The most popular staple amongst millets is the pearl millet and finger millet.  India is the world’s largest producer of millets.

Finger Millet in a Field                          Pearl Millet    







Koda Millet with husk

Millets are major food sources in arid and semiarid regions of the world, and feature in the traditional cuisine of many others. In western India millet is known as  jowar,or  bajro. Bajro has been used in India for many years to make the local staple called rotla.  Rotla is hand rolled, (without a rolling pin) flat bread. 

Millets are also used as bird and animal feed, and for brewing beer. It is used as a porridge too.

Millet contains no gluten, so they are not suitable for raised bread.but  are appropriate foods for those with celiac disease or other forms of allergies/intolerance of wheat.

Spice names Gujarati to English

GUJERATI                             ENGLISH

Adrak                                      Fresh Ginger

Ajma                                       Ajwain

Dhana                                     Corriander

Dhana Jeera                           Coriander and cumin powder

Elaichi                                     Cardamom

Fresh Dhana                           Cilantro, Chinese -arsley

Garam Masala                         Mixed Spices

Green Mango Powder              Amchur

Haldi                                         Turmeric

Hing                                          Asafoetida

Jaiphal                                      Nutmeg

Javatri                                       Mace

Jeera                                         Cumin

Kali Mirchi                                  Black Pepper

Kesar, zaffran                            Saffron   

Lal Mirich                                   Chili Powder

Lasan                                         Garlic

Lavang                                       Cloves

Limbo na Phool                          Citric Acid

Limbro, Karipattar                      Curry Leaves

Methi                                          Fenugreek Seeds

Mirch                                          Chili Powder

Rye                                             Mustard Seeds

Sawa                                          Dill

Taj                                              Cinnamon

Taj Patta                                    Bay Leaves

Til                                              Sesame seeds

Tulsi                                           Basil

Viriyari or saunf                         Aniseed